Large Phyllostachys nigra
Height: 2.00-2.50 metres (excluding container)
Height: 7-8 feet (excluding conatiner)
Pot Size: 15 litre
Number of canes: 3-5
Large Black Bamboo
Phyllostachys nigra is one of the most popular bamboo varieties. The canes are black and glossy and given plenty of moisture, Phyllostachys nigra will grow lots of beautiful new canes every year. Phyllostachys nigra will grow very well in full sun but it looks much better in a sheltered semi-shaded position, especially when planted with other architectural type plants.The ultimate height is 4M+ given the ideal moisture level. We like to cut back any small weaker canes; this allows plenty of light into the clump but also shows off the lovely black stems. It has deservedly been given the RHS Award of Garden Merit (AGM). Can be grown in a container or raised bed provided it has plenty of food and water.
Care notes for black bamboo can be seen here.
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Situation Open Close
Bamboo does prefer a sunny site; however they will tolerate some shade and the Fargesia varieties like partial shade. The stem colour will be more vivid if the canes are exposed to sunlight. They all prefer a rich moisture retentive soil for best growing conditions, they do not like to dry out too much, this would be evident by the leaves curling up tightly (to help prevent any further moisture loss). Therefore if planted in a windy site make sure there is plenty of available moisture to counteract the loss of moisture desiccated from the leaves.
Feeding Open Close
Before planting your bamboo you can enrich the soil with a good well rotted manure or chicken pellet fertiliser. This can be re-applied each spring to feed the developing rhizome. Feed occasionally throughout summer to promote development of new canes.
Pruning Open Close
As plants mature, prune out some of the thinner, weaker canes every few years. This will encourage the production of new thicker canes as well as helping to increase light to the base of the plant. This pruning in particular is beneficial to Phyllostachys species; it will also show off the colourful canes. Fargesia is generally too dense for such pruning.
Watering Open Close
Generally keep well watered during the growing season and long periods of dry weather (if we have any dry weather outside active growing season!).
Pests and Diseases Open Close
Generally trouble free, but sometimes can be prone to root mealy bug; look out for woolly white patches amongst the roots. To treat, water with an insecticide or a soapy solution.
Winter Care Open Close
Generally completely hardy and no need for protection.